[PDF / Epub] ☁ Alexander Hamilton Auteur Ron Chernow – Horse-zine.co.uk

Alexander Hamilton summary Alexander Hamilton, series Alexander Hamilton, book Alexander Hamilton, pdf Alexander Hamilton, Alexander Hamilton d2f0b33fbd PROLOGUE THE OLDEST REVOLUTIONARY WAR WIDOW In The Early S, Few Pedestrians Strolling Past The House On H Street In Washington, Near The White House, Realized That The Ancient Widow Seated By The Window, Knitting And Arranging Flowers, Was The Last Surviving Link To The Glory Days Of The Early Republic Fifty Years Earlier, On A Rocky, Secluded Ledge Overlooking The Hudson River In Weehawken, New Jersey, Aaron Burr, The Vice President Of The United States, Had Fired A Mortal Shot At Her Husband, Alexander Hamilton, In A Misbegotten Effort To Remove The Man Burr Regarded As The Main Impediment To The Advancement Of His Career Hamilton Was Then Forty Nine Years Old Was It A Benign Or A Cruel Destiny That Had Compelled The Widow To Outlive Her Husband By Half A Century, Struggling To Raise Seven Children And Surviving Almost Until The Eve Of The Civil War Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton Purblind And Deaf But Gallant To The End Was A Stoic Woman Who Never Yielded To Self Pity With Her Gentle Manner, Dutch Tenacity, And Quiet Humor, She Clung To The Deeply Rooted Religious Beliefs That Had Abetted Her Reconciliation To The Extraordinary Misfortunes She Had Endured Even In Her Early Nineties, She Still Dropped To Her Knees For Family Prayers Wrapped In Shawls And Garbed In The Black Bombazine Dresses That Were De Rigueur For Widows, She Wore A Starched White Ruff And Frilly White Cap That Bespoke A Simpler Era In American Life The Dark Eyes That Gleamed Behind Large Metal Rimmed Glasses Those Same Dark Eyes That Had Once Enchanted A Young Officer On General George Washington S Staff Betokened A Sharp Intelligence, A Fiercely Indomitable Spirit, And A Memory That Refused To Surrender The Past In The Front Parlor Of The House She Now Shared With Her Daughter, Eliza Hamilton Had Crammed The Faded Memorabilia Of Her Now Distant Marriage When Visitors Called, The Tiny, Erect, White Haired Lady Would Grab Her Cane, Rise Gamely From A Black Sofa Embroidered With A Floral Pattern Of Her Own Design, And Escort Them To A Gilbert Stuart Painting Of George Washington She Motioned With Pride To A Silver Wine Cooler, Tucked Discreetly Beneath The Center Table, That Had Been Given To The Hamiltons By Washington Himself This Treasured Gift Retained A Secret Meaning For Eliza, For It Had Been A Tacit Gesture Of Solidarity From Washington When Her Husband Was Ensnared In The First Major Sex Scandal In American History The Tour S Highlight Stood Enshrined In The Corner A Marble Bust Of Her Dead Hero, Carved By An Italian Sculptor, Giuseppe Ceracchi, During Hamilton S Heyday As The First Treasury Secretary Portrayed In The Classical Style Of A Noble Roman Senator, A Toga Draped Across One Shoulder, Hamilton Exuded A Brisk Energy And A Massive Intelligence In His Wide Brow, His Face Illumined By The Half Smile That Often Played About His Features This Was How Eliza Wished To Recall Him Ardent, Hopeful, And Eternally Young That Bust I Can Never Forget, One Young Visitor Remembered, For The Old Lady Always Paused Before It In Her Tour Of The Rooms And, Leaning On Her Cane, Gazed And Gazed, As If She Could Never Be Satisfied For The Select Few, Eliza Unearthed Documents Written By Hamilton That Qualified As Her Sacred Scripture An Early Hymn He Had Composed Or A Letter He Had Drafted During His Impoverished Boyhood On St Croix She Frequently Grew Melancholy And Longed For A Reunion With Her Hamilton, As She Invariably Referred To Him One Night, I Remember, She Seemed Sad And Absent Minded And Could Not Go To The Parlor Where There Were Visitors, But Sat Near The Fire And Played Backgammon For A While, Said One Caller When The Game Was Done, She Leaned Back In Her Chair A Long Time With Closed Eyes, As If Lost To All Around Her There Was A Long Silence, Broken By The Murmured Words, I Am So Tired It Is So Long I Want To See HamiltonEliza Hamilton Was Committed To One Holy Quest Above All Others To Rescue Her Husband S Historical Reputation From The Gross Slanders That Had Tarnished It For Many Years After The Duel, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, And Other Political Enemies Had Taken Full Advantage Of Their Eloquence And Longevity To Spread Defamatory Anecdotes About Hamilton, Who Had Been Condemned To Everlasting Silence Determined To Preserve Her Husband S Legacy, Eliza Enlisted As Many As Thirty Assistants To Sift Through His Tall Stacks Of Papers Unfortunately, She Was So Self Effacing And So Reverential Toward Her Husband That, Though She Salvaged Every Scrap Of His Writing, She Apparently Destroyed Her Own Letters The Capstone Of Her Monumental Labor, Her Life S Dearest Object, Was The Publication Of A Mammoth Authorized Biography That Would Secure Hamilton S Niche In The Pantheon Of The Early Republic It Was A Long, Exasperating Wait As One Biographer After Another Discarded The Project Or Expired Before Its Completion Almost By Default, The Giant Enterprise Fell To Her Fourth Son, John Church Hamilton, Who Belatedly Disgorged A Seven Volume History Of His Father S Exploits Before This Hagiographic Tribute Was Completed, However, Eliza Hamilton Died At Ninety Seven On November ,Distraught That Their Mother Had Waited Vainly For Decades To See Her Husband S Life Immortalized, Eliza Hamilton Holly Scolded Her Brother For His Overdue Biography Lately In My Hours Of Sadness, Recurring To Such Interests As Most Deeply Affected Our Blessed MotherI Could Recall None Frequent Or Absorbent Than Her Devotion To Our Father When Blessed Memory Shows Her Gentle Countenance And Her Untiring Spirit Before Me, In This One Great And Beautiful Aspiration After Duty, I Feel The Same Spark Ignite And Bid Meto Seek The Fulfillment Of Her Words Justice Shall Be Done To The Memory Of My HamiltonIt Was, Eliza Hamilton Holly Noted Pointedly, The Imperative Duty That Eliza Had Bequeathed To All Her Children Justice Shall Be Done To The Memory Of My Hamilton Well, Has Justice Been Done Few Figures In American History Have Aroused Such Visceral Love Or Loathing As Alexander Hamilton To This Day, He Seems Trapped In A Crude Historical Cartoon That Pits Jeffersonian Democracy Against Hamiltonian Aristocracy For Jefferson And His Followers, Wedded To Their Vision Of An Agrarian Eden, Hamilton Was The American Mephistopheles, The Proponent Of Such Devilish Contrivances As Banks, Factories, And Stock Exchanges They Demonized Him As A Slavish Pawn Of The British Crown, A Closet Monarchist, A Machiavellian Intriguer, A Would Be Caesar Noah Webster Contended That Hamilton S Ambition, Pride, And Overbearing Temper Had Destined Him To Be The Evil Genius Of This CountryHamilton S Powerful Vision Of American Nationalism, With States Subordinate To A Strong Central Government And Led By A Vigorous Executive Branch, Aroused Fears Of A Reversion To Royal British Ways His Seeming Solicitude For The Rich Caused Critics To Portray Him As A Snobbish Tool Of Plutocrats Who Was Contemptuous Of The Masses For Another Group Of Naysayers, Hamilton S Unswerving Faith In A Professional Military Converted Him Into A Potential Despot From The First To The Last Words He Wrote, Concluded Historian Henry Adams, I Read Always The Same Napoleonic Kind Of AdventuredomEven Some Hamilton Admirers Have Been Unsettled By A Faint Tincture Of Something Foreign In This West Indian Transplant Woodrow Wilson Grudgingly Praised Hamilton As A Very Great Man, But Not A Great AmericanYet Many Distinguished Commentators Have Echoed Eliza Hamilton S Lament That Justice Has Not Been Done To Her Hamilton He Has Tended To Lack The Glittering Multivolumed Biographies That Have Burnished The Fame Of Other Founders The British Statesman Lord Bryce Singled Out Hamilton As The One Founding Father Who Had Not Received His Due From Posterity In The American Commonwealth, He Observed, One Cannot Note The Disappearance Of This Brilliant Figure, To Europeans The Most Interesting In The Early History Of The Republic, Without The Remark That His Countrymen Seem To Have Never, Either In His Lifetime Or Afterwards, Duly Recognized His Splendid GiftsDuring The Robust Era Of Progressive Republicanism, Marked By Brawny Nationalism And Energetic Government, Theodore Roosevelt Took Up The Cudgels And Declared Hamilton The Most Brilliant American Statesman Who Ever Lived, Possessing The Loftiest And Keenest Intellect Of His TimeHis White House Successor, William Howard Taft, Likewise Embraced Hamilton As Our Greatest Constructive StatesmanIn All Probability, Alexander Hamilton Is The Foremost Political Figure In American History Who Never Attained The Presidency, Yet He Probably Had A Much Deeper And Lasting Impact Than Many Who Did Hamilton Was The Supreme Double Threat Among The Founding Fathers, At Once Thinker And Doer, Sparkling Theoretician And Masterful Executive He And James Madison Were The Prime Movers Behind The Summoning Of The Constitutional Convention And The Chief Authors Of That Classic Gloss On The National Charter, The Federalist, Which Hamilton Supervised As The First Treasury Secretary And Principal Architect Of The New Government, Hamilton Took Constitutional Principles And Infused Them With Expansive Life, Turning Abstractions Into Institutional Realities He Had A Pragmatic Mind That Minted Comprehensive Programs In Contriving The Smoothly Running Machinery Of A Modern Nation State Including A Budget System, A Funded Debt, A Tax System, A Central Bank, A Customs Service, And A Coast Guard And Justifying Them In Some Of America S Most Influential State Papers, He Set A High Water Mark For Administrative Competence That Has Never Been Equaled If Jefferson Provided The Essential Poetry Of American Political Discourse, Hamilton Established The Prose Of American Statecraft No Other Founder Articulated Such A Clear And Prescient Vision Of America S Future Political, Military, And Economic Strength Or Crafted Such Ingenious Mechanisms To Bind The Nation Together Hamilton S Crowded Years As Treasury Secretary Scarcely Exhaust The Epic Story Of His Short Life, Which Was Stuffed With High Drama From His Illegitimate Birth On Nevis To His Bloody Downfall In Weehawken, Hamilton S Life Was So Tumultuous That Only An Audacious Novelist Could Have Dreamed It Up He Embodied An Enduring Archetype The Obscure Immigrant Who Comes To America, Re Creates Himself, And Succeeds Despite A Lack Of Proper Birth And Breeding The Saga Of His Metamorphosis From An Anguished Clerk On St Croix To The Reigning Presence In George Washington S Cabinet Offers Both A Gripping Personal Story And A Panoramic View Of The Formative Years Of The Republic Except For Washington, Nobody Stood Closer To The Center Of American Politics FromToOr Cropped Up At Turning Points More Than Anyone Else, The Omnipresent Hamilton Galvanized, Inspired, And Scandalized The Newborn Nation, Serving As The Flash Point For Pent Up Conflicts Of Class, Geography, Race, Religion, And Ideology His Contemporaries Often Seemed Defined By How They Reacted To The Political Gauntlets That He Threw Down Repeatedly With Such Defiant Panache Hamilton Was An Exuberant Genius Who Performed At A Fiendish Pace And Must Have Produced The Maximum Number Of Words That A Human Being Can Scratch Out In Forty Nine Years If Promiscuous With His Political Opinions, However, He Was Famously Reticent About His Private Life, Especially His Squalid Caribbean Boyhood No Other Founder Had To Grapple With Such Shame And Misery, And His Early Years Have Remained Wrapped In Mystery Than Those Of Any Other Major American Statesman While Not Scanting His Vibrant Intellectual Life, I Have Tried To Gather Anecdotal Material That Will Bring This Cerebral Man To Life As Both A Public And A Private Figure Charming And Impetuous, Romantic And Witty, Dashing And Headstrong, Hamilton Offers The Biographer An Irresistible Psychological Study For All His Superlative Mental Gifts, He Was Afflicted With A Touchy Ego That Made Him Querulous And Fatally Combative He Never Outgrew The Stigma Of His Illegitimacy, And His Exquisite Tact Often Gave Way To Egregious Failures Of Judgment That Left Even His Keenest Admirers Aghast If Capable Of Numerous Close Friendships, He Also Entered Into Titanic Feuds With Jefferson, Madison, Adams, Monroe, And Burr The Magnitude Of Hamilton S Feats As Treasury Secretary Has Overshadowed Many Other Facets Of His Life Clerk, College Student, Youthful Poet, Essayist, Artillery Captain, Wartime Adjutant To Washington, Battlefield Hero, Congressman, Abolitionist, Bank Of New York Founder, State Assemblyman, Member Of The Constitutional Convention And New York Ratifying Convention, Orator, Lawyer, Polemicist, Educator, Patron Saint Of The New York Evening Post, Foreign Policy Theorist, And Major General In The Army Boldly Uncompromising, He Served As Catalyst For The Emergence Of The First Political Parties And As The Intellectual Fountainhead For One Of Them, The Federalists He Was A Pivotal Force In Four Consecutive Presidential Elections And Defined Much Of America S Political Agenda During The Washington And Adams Administrations, Leaving Copious Commentary On Virtually Every Salient Issue Of The Day Earlier Generations Of Biographers Had To Rely On Only A Meager Portion Of His Voluminous Output BetweenAnd , Harold C Syrett And His Doughty Editorial Team At Columbia University Press Published Twenty Seven Thick Volumes Of Hamilton S Personal And Political Papers Julius Goebel, Jr And His Staff Added Five Volumes Of Legal And Business Papers To The Groaning Shelf, Bringing The Total Haul To Twenty Two Thousand Pages These Meticulous Editions Are Much Than Exhaustive Compilations Of Hamilton S Writings They Are A Scholar S Feast, Enriched With Expert Commentary As Well As Contemporary Newspaper Extracts, Letters, And Diary Entries No Biographer Has Fully Harvested These Riches I Have Supplemented This Research With Extensive Archival Work That Has Uncovered, Among Other Things, Nearly Fifty Previously Undiscovered Essays Written By Hamilton Himself To Retrieve His Early Life From Its Often Impenetrable Obscurity, I Have Also Scoured Records In Scotland, England, Denmark, And Eight Caribbean Islands, Not To Mention Many Domestic Archives The Resulting Portrait, I Hope, Will Seem Fresh And Surprising Even To Those Best Versed In The Literature Of The Period It Is An Auspicious Time To Reexamine The Life Of Hamilton, Who Was The Prophet Of The Capitalist Revolution In America If Jefferson Enunciated The Ample View Of Political Democracy, Hamilton Possessed The Finer Sense Of Economic Opportunity He Was The Messenger From A Future That We Now Inhabit We Have Left Behind The Rosy Agrarian Rhetoric And Slaveholding Reality Of Jeffersonian Democracy And Reside In The Bustling World Of Trade, Industry, Stock Markets, And Banks That Hamilton Envisioned Hamilton S Staunch Abolitionism Formed An Integral Feature Of This Economic Vision He Has Also Emerged As The Uncontested Visionary In Anticipating The Shape And Powers Of The Federal Government At A Time When Jefferson And Madison Celebrated Legislative Power As The Purest Expression Of The Popular Will, Hamilton Argued For A Dynamic Executive Branch And An Independent Judiciary, Along With A Professional Military, A Central Bank, And An Advanced Financial System Today, We Are Indisputably The Heirs To Hamilton S America, And To Repudiate His Legacy Is, In Many Ways, To Repudiate The Modern World From Alexander Hamiton By Ron Chernow, CopyrightRon Chernow, Published By The Penguin Press, A Member Of Penguin Group USA Inc All Rights Reserved, Reprinted With Permission From The Publisher Nobody Has Captured Hamilton Better Than Chernow The New York Times Book Review A Biography Commensurate With Hamilton S Character, As Well As The Full, Complex Context Of His Unflaggingly Active Life This Is A Fine Work That Captures Hamilton S Life With Judiciousness And Verve Publishers Weekly A Splendid Life Of An Enlightened Reactionary And Forgotten Founding Father Literate And Full Of Engaging Historical Asides By Far The Best Of The Many Lives Of Hamilton Now In Print, And A Model Of The Biographers Art Kirkus Reviews Starred Review A Robust Full Length Portrait, In My View The Best Ever Written, Of The Most Brilliant, Charismatic And Dangerous Founder Of Them All Joseph J Ellis, Author Of Founding Brothers The Revolutionary Generation A Brilliant Historian Has Done It Again The Thoroughness And Integrity Of Ron Chernows Research Shines Forth On Every Page Of His Alexander Hamilton He Has Created A Vivid And Compelling Portrait Of A Remarkable Manand At The Same Time He Has Made A Monumental Contribution To Our Understanding Of The Beginnings Of The American RepublicRobert A Caro, Author Of The Power Broker And The Years Of Lyndon Johnson Alexander Hamilton Was One Of The Most Brilliant Men Of His Brilliant Time, And One Of The Most Fascinating Figures In All Of American History His Rocketing Life Story Is Utterly Amazing His Importance To The Founding Of The New Nation, And Thus To The Whole Course Of American History, Can Hardly Be Overstated And So Ron Chernow S New Hamilton Could Not Be Welcome This Is Grand Scale Biography At Its Bestthorough, Insightful, Consistently Fair, And Superbly Written It Clears Away Than A Few Shop Worn Misconceptions About Hamilton, Gives Credit Where Credit Is Due, And Is Both Clear Eyed And Understanding About Its Very Human Subject Its Numerous Portraits Of The Complex, Often Conflicting Cast Of Characters Are Deft And Telling The Whole Life And Times Are Here In A Genuinely Great Book David McCullough, Author Of John Adams

6 thoughts on “Alexander Hamilton

  1. says:

    Very interesting book, hard to read as I am not a native english speaker, but I still love reading it.

  2. says:

    Fascinating early history of the Republic and its growing pains with an outstanding portrait of a brilliant man Many of the struggles ring true for even today.

  3. says:

    All the hype that you have heard about this book is true It is an outstanding biography I admit I was somewhat skeptical When I saw how much this book was dominating every single best seller list, I figured the reason might be because of the highly successful musical which I have not seen, nor plan to see After completing the book, I can t help but feel the reverse is true someone, somewhere found a great biography about a great man, and then decided to make it into a musical.I read an awful lot of biographies My tendency is to favor Americans in the years around the time The United States came into existence With rare exceptions, I would have to say that I thoroughly enjoy all of them So why should this one be any different Is it really that different than all of the other biographies out there I even recently read a biography about George Washington who was close to Alexander Hamilton by the same author Ron Chernow , and even that one wasn t particularly sensational For whatever reason, though, this one is truly exceptional.Like all well researched biographies that are about 800 pages in length, this one is very thorough It doesn t exclusively focus on one aspect of his career, nor heavily focus on any particular area of his life Everything is included From being orphaned in the Caribbean at a young age to being killed by the Vice President of the United States in a duel Everything is here.Although there s a lot of material to cover, Chernow works magic when transcribing the man s life I rarely ever got bored The book seemed exciting, as though someone were telling me a fascinating story as opposed to simply recounting a famous person s life Quite often when writing such a detailed exposition, ennui often creeps in from time to time An everyday life of a politician doesn t necessarily relate to captivating reading Fortunately in this case, instances of boredom are rare There was one time when I mentally dozed off for a few pages while the author explained in a tad too much detail how Hamilton s central bank worked, but these instances were quite infrequent I felt like I intimately knew so many of the many people who interacted, good and bad, with Alexander Hamilton I truly wished that I could have traveled back in time to meet all of these fascinating people.There are a lot of people that didn t like this man, nor did he care for them Particularly interesting is how the author treats Thomas Jefferson Had this been the only book you had ever read, you would come away with the notion that Jefferson was Satan incarnate Equally unfavorable treatment goes to John Adams, James Madison and James Monroe all early U.S Presidents, coincidentally I would recommend further reading on these individuals for a balanced perspective In fact, had it not been for George Washington, you could argue that there wasn t anyone around at the time of any importance that thought highly of Hamilton Of course, having George Washington on your side counteracts a lot of adversaries.The author is quite biased in favor of his subject matter Oh sure, he points out many mistakes and deficiencies of Hamilton, but you end up firmly in the man s corner, despite the squabbling with so many of the other founding fathers The biggest source of discontent is Hamilton s Federalism as opposed to Jefferson s Republicanism The birth of our two political party system Both ideologies have highlights To truly understand the significance, one must truly imagine life directly after America s independence is won Now that we ve won, what do we do We still need a centralized government to rule Right At the time, many didn t think so Such questions are easy to answer in hindsight Hindsight does tell us, that Hamilton was right about a lot of things during our country s infancy.I implore you to read this if you re a fan of history If you re not a fan of history, I implore you to read it as well just make sure you consult other sources so you come away with a strong, balanced perspective.

  4. says:

    This book is a beautifully rendered portrait of Hamilton, both his public life and his private life As so many other reviewers have noted, the book is an example of first rate biographical research and most of the book is well written.Up to chapter 16, Dr Pangloss, the story is superbly told But, when Thomas Jefferson enters Hamilton s life, much of the book becomes a contrast between Hamilton, who had his own well documented personal failings, with Jefferson who, if the text is to be believed, had nothing but personal failings Jefferson is variously described as hypocritical, duplicitous and conniving Undoubtedly, Jefferson fit much of this description but so did Hamilton in their Federalist Republican anti Federalist feud in the 1790 s What bothered me was the unrelenting negative portrayal of Jefferson, Madison after 1790 and John Adams Hamilton is portrayed accurately and fully as a brilliant and decent man with some major flaws Jefferson and, to a somewhat lesser extent, Madison and Adams, are portrayed as deeply flawed individuals who happened to have a few good points The language reinforces this If one were to count the negatively loaded adjectives and verbs accorded to Hamilton s three main opponents, they would vastly outnumber any positive linguistic connotations In order to sharpen Hamilton s character portrayal, the image that Chernow gives of Hamilton s opponents is, given other biographies of these men, less than just.The name calling, smear campaigns and character assassinations in the 1790 s are appalling but less so given the 2016 Presidential campaign However, a dozen years after independence and only a few years after the Constitution was ratified, the fears of the anti Federalists were real ones Jefferson s and Madison s hypocrisy and the foibles of John Adam s personality notwithstanding, the concerns expressed were often genuine ones at that time about what kind of country the United States would be and how the Constitution should be interpreted The possibility that the Jeffersonians may have had a point gets lost in Chernow s constant barrage of claims about duplicity, hypocrisy and malevolent intentions.So I thought this was a brilliant portrayal of the man who founded our economic and, to a large extent, our political system The portrayal of Aaron Burr is excellent and the factors leading up to the duel are gripping But the mid section of the book would have been even stronger if Chernow had presented Hamilton s foes in a fuller, less negatively charged light.

  5. says:

    I read a good deal of history some historians are better writers than others EX I enjoy McCullough than Kearns Goodwin So I like to learn about the great leaders and events of our past, but it is tricky to find both a compelling story and compelling storyteller This book has gotten a lot of attention because of Miranda s revolutionary play on words play Chernow s book is not flawed, but it is exhaustive.In short his book is an amazing story the players, the insights, the events.frankly it is all quite mesmerizing There is a lot here that we know, there is a lot we think we know, and there is so much that we at least I never dreamed The treachery, the mobs, the scandals and the foibles of the great men who created our great Nation And almost any line in the book well except the parts about productivity could be ripped from today s headlines.The book is long however, and sometimes the writing is too detailed not a bad thing for an historian, but the reader is sometimes wearied Thus the Opus gets 4 stars rather than 5 but do read it we learn not just about AH we are also gifted with substance regarding Washington, Jefferson, Laurens, Madison, the French Revolution.and much much .

  6. says:

    Great reading then go visit Alexander Eliza at the Museum of the City of New York

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